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Defining Drug Addiction

That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Drug dependency is a degenerative illness. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.

Addiction starts when the decision to take drugs is first made. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. Dependence influences parts of the mind required in reward and inspiration, learning and memory plus control over conduct.

The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.

Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?

There is, but it is a long journey. It is not possible for people to overcome drug addiction simply by abstaining from drug use for some days, because drug addiction is chronic. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.

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An addict in treatment must work toward the following

  • Stopping to require using the drug
  • remain drug-free
  • Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community

Essentials Of Successful Treatment

These values have been observed since some scientific research was done in the mid-70s as the foundation for a successful recovery plan

  • Though addiction is very complicated, it could heal completely, and it affects the workings of the human brain and human behaviour.
  • There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
  • Individuals need fast access to treatment.
  • Successful treatment looks at all the needs of the patient, not simply his/her substance use.
  • It's important to remain in treatment long enough.
  • The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
  • Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
  • A treatment plan must be evaluated frequently and adapted to suit the changing requirements of the patient.
  • Treatment ought to address other conceivable mental problems.
  • The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
  • Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
  • Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
  • Patients in treatment should be tested for a variety of infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, and tuberculosis and also receive education about how to reduce the risk of getting thee illnesses.

How Is Drug Addiction Treated?

Effective treatment comprises many steps

  • detox (the process when the body cleanses itself of a substance)
  • behavioural counselling
  • medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
  • assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
  • long haul follow-up to forestall backslide

A variety of care with a customised treatment programme and follow-up options can be key to being successful.

Treatment should compromise mental and medical health services as required. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.

How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?

Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.

  • Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. According to a study, 80% of detoxifications used medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
  • Preventing A Relapse A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Scientists are busy to develop other medications to treat cannabis (marijuana) and stimulant (methamphetamine and cocaine) dependency. It's really common for addicts to use more than one drug and they will need treatment for each substance.

How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?

Patients are helped by behavioural therapy with

  • change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
  • Learn to exercise healthy life skills
  • Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication

There are a lot of settings and approaches for patients who are seeking treatment.

Outpatient treatment is an option where a wide range of programs are available for patients who continue to visit behavioural health professionals regularly. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.

These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,

  • cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
  • Multidimensional family treatment created for young people with drug abuse issues and their families which addresses a scope of impacts on their drug mishandle designs and is intended to enhance general family working
  • motivational interviewing, which gets most of the addicts disposed to work on their behaviour and commence treatment
  • Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications

sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. Subsequent to finishing escalated treatment, patients move to customary outpatient treatment, which meets less frequently and for decreased hours every week to help manage their recuperation.

Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. Several approaches to therapies that are mainly designed to assist the patients to achieve a life that is free of drugs and crime after treatment are applied by residential treatment facilities.

Residential treatment setting samples

  • Therapeutic communities where patients are domiciled in a residence mostly for 6 to 12 months, undergoing programs that are streamlined. The whole community, everyone from the staff to the patients in recovery, act as agents of change, helping to change every patient's attitude, understanding, and behaviour toward drug use.
  • Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
  • Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. The recovery housing programme provides a bridge for the patients between the long term inpatient facility and re-joining the society; patients are helped to prepare for life on the outside by enabling them to look for jobs and learn how to take care and budget their money.

Challenges Of Re-Entry

Substance abuse alters the functioning of the brain, and several things can activate a craving for the substance within the brain. It is key for patients in treatment, particularly those treated at prison or inpatient facilities, to learn how to identify, steer clear of, and deal with triggers that they are most likely to experience after treatment.