A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.
Substance reliance - when a man is dependent on a substance, for example, a medication, liquor or nicotine, they are not ready to control the utilization of that substance. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. The person addicted may be willing to stop taking it, but they are not able on their own.
The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.
Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:
The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
Reactions when trying to stop taking the drug, when the body has less of the substance than it is used to, it reacts, and the person can have physical pains and altered moods. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
There could be a sudden increase in appetite. Another common symptom of withdrawal is insomnia. Sometimes, the user might have GI symptoms, like constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
Though the addicts witness these health issues, they continue to abuse those substances - even when they start suffering ailments as a result. To give an example, someone who smokes might continue to smoke even after a heart/lung issue has developed.
Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping a good reserve - addicts will at all times ensure that they have a good reserve of the substance, even when they do not have a lot of cash. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
Dangers of Addiction (1) - An addict may go to any lengths including risking their lives by stealing or prostituting to get money or drugs.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Managing issues - a dependent individual usually feels they require their drug to manage their issues.
Obsession - someone who is addicted will continue to focus more and more time and energy on getting access to their substance.
Serenely and isolation - much of the time the addict may take their substance alone and even in mystery.
Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
Clashing with the law - this is more typical of certain alcohol and drug dependencies (e.g. not nicotine). This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.
Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.